Fidel Castro Biography

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Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926) was President of Cuba from 1976 to 2008. Previously, He served as Prime Minister on his appointment in February 1959 after appearing as a commander of a failed revolution concurrent position of President of the State Council as the Council of Ministers of Fulgencio Batista in 1976. Castro appeared as the first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (Communist Party of Cuba) in 1965 and transformed Cuba into a one-party socialist republic. After appearing as president, he appeared as a Cuban military commander. On July 31, 2006, Castro gave his presidency to his brother, Raúl for some time. Fidel Castro Biography

In 1947, He participated in the coup attempt dictator Rafael Trujillo and the Dominican Republic fled to New York (United States) because of the threat will be eliminated his political opponents. After obtaining his doctorate in law in 1950, he protested and led the underground movement of anti-government for the takeover of power in a coup by Fulgencio Batista in 1952. In 1953, he led an assault on the Moncada military barracks of Santiago de Cuba, but failed. A total of 69 people from the 111 people who took part in the raid were killed and he was jailed for 15 years.

After getting a remission and liberated on May 15, 1955, he led the effort to overthrow the dictator Batista. Resistance Movement came to be known by July 26. On July 7, 1955, he fled to Mexico and met with revolutionary fighter Che Guevara. Together with 81 other people, he returned to Cuba on December 2, 1956 and conduct guerrilla warfare during 25 months in the Sierra Maestra Mountains.

Outside Cuba, Castro began to join forces to fight the dominance of the United States and the former Soviet Union countries. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the ideals and dreams began to be realized with met Hugo Chávez in Venezuela and Evo Morales of Bolivia.

Towards the day of his 80th birthday which falls on August 13, 2006, he handed the reins of leadership temporarily to his brother. Practical, Raúl concurrently, namely as President of Cuba and Cuban Minister of Defense. This handover is the first time since he ruled Cuba in 1959. Castro also asked the birthday celebration of the 80th was postponed until December 2, 2006. In fact, during the four-day gala party on the main streets of Havana have been prepared, including a magnificent concert of Latin American musicians and singers.

Castro’s health had declined after the fall when a speech in 2004. At that time, left knee and right arm were injured.

On February 19, 2008, five days before the mandate ended, Castro said he would not run for nor accept a new term of office as president or commander of Cuba’s armed forces. His position was replaced by his brother, Raul Castro.

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