José Rizal Biography

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José Rizal Biography, Profile and Bio

Birth Name: José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda
Popular Name: Jose Rizal
Date of Birth: June 19, 1861
Place of Birth: Calamba, Laguna, Philippines
Died: December 30, 1896 (aged 35), Bagumbayan, Manila, Philippines
Nationality: Filipino
Occupations: Doctors, architects, artists, educators, economists, ethnologists, agricultural experts, historians, journalists, musicians, mitologiwan, internationalist, naturalist, eye doctor, sociologist, sculptor, poet, playwright and novelist.
Years active: June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896
Father: Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado y Alejandro
Mother: Teodora Morales Alonso Realonda y Quintos

José Rizal Mercado y Alonso Protasio Realonda (born in Calamba, Laguna Province, Philippines, June 19, 1861 – died in Dapitan, the province of Zamboanga (Mindanao), Philippines, December 30, 1896 at age 35 years) is the nation’s leaders the Philippines. He was given various titles: “Pride of the Malay Race,” “Great Figures of Malaya,” “Major Figures Filipino,” “Messiah of the Revolution,” “Universal Hero,” “Messiah Redemption.” José Rizal’s death anniversary is December 30th and is a holiday in the Philippines. José Rizal is famous for writing two novels, Noli Me Tangere (1887) and El Filibusterismo (1891), both a critique of the Spanish colonization of the Philippines.

José Rizal Family
José Rizal was the seventh child of 11 brothers from the family of Francisco Mercado Rizal and Teodora Alonzo and born in a middle class family of a rich Chinese-Mestizo in Calamba, Laguna Province, Philippines.

José Rizal Education
José Rizal began studying with Justiniano Cruz in Binan, Laguna. He then went to Manila to study at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila where he received his certificate S1 in 1877 and graduated as the best student in his class. He continued studies at the Ateneo Municipal to achieve a diploma dalah field of measuring and mapping soil and at the same time, studying at the University of Santo Tomas in the field of literature and philosophy. When he learned that his mother will be blind, he plans to take the medicine (eye) at the University of Santo Tomas but did not finish college because he felt that Filipinos were discriminated against by the vicar, vicar Dominicans who take care of the university.

Last days
Jose Rizal is considered involved in activities that insurgency is growing and in July 1892 he was exiled to Dapitan in the province of Zamboanga (Mindanao).

In 1896, an uprising which was designed by the Katipunan, a nationalist secret society, developed into a massive revolution, as a true nationalist rebellion led to proclamation of the republic and the first truly democratic in Asia. Jose Rizal was arrested en route, imprisoned in Barcelona, and brought to justice. He was implicated in the revolution through his association with members of the Katipunan and tried in military court on charges of mutiny, treason, and conspiracy. He was convicted of three counts and condemned to death.

Before his sentence arrived, Jose Rizal wrote his poem the last one, which, although not entitled, eventually known as “Mi Ultimo Adios” (Congratulations Recently habitation). The poem is more appropriately titled, “Adios, Patria Adorada” (literally: “Farewell, Beloved Homeland”)

José Rizal Biography from Wikipedia (, Thanks You.

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